Did Mums know that the baby’s brain, heart, skin, hair and nails are formed from protein? And, it turns out that every cell in the body works with the help of protein, you know! For example, protein helps digest food, fight infections, and transport nutrients throughout the body.
The third trimester of pregnancy is the time at which the baby in the womb experiences rapid growth and development of the brain. The need for protein in the third trimester is also increasing. Therefore, Mums need to know more about protein needs in the third trimester.
In general, the daily protein needs of women who are not pregnant is 0.8 grams per kilogram. If you are pregnant, the need for protein will increase. And in the third trimester to about 1.1 grams per kilogram.
So if Mums weighs 53 kilograms before pregnancy, then mums daily protein needs about 42.4 grams. When Mums get pregnant and gain weight to 60 kilograms in the third trimester, their daily protein needs are 66-70 grams.
Protein is formed from a combination of 20 essential amino acids and 11 non-essential amino acids. The difference between essential and non-essential amino acids is that essential amino acids must be obtained from food because they cannot be produced by the body, while non-essential amino acids can be produced in the body if they are not obtained from the food consumed.
Each of these proteins has its own structure and function. Protein structures form tissues that make up organs, bones, skin, and nails. Enzymes are a type of protein that produces chemical reactions in the body. For example, lactase helps digest dairy products.
Antibodies also include proteins, which are those that work against proteins. Meanwhile, hormones are proteins that send signals to the body and regulate the body’s responses.
Why Do Pregnant Women Need More Protein?
Pregnant women must meet their own protein needs, such as renewing dead skin cells, fighting infections, and digesting food. But during pregnancy, the baby in the womb also needs to form the organs of the body and start producing antibodies and hormones themselves.
The fetus also needs muscles so that it can move. Those things require protein. The third trimester is the period of prenatal development with the highest growth rate. So, it’s important for Mums to meet the growing need for protein.
Sources of Protein for Pregnant Women
Lean meats, chicken, fish, eggs, low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese are good sources of protein. Many plant foods also contain protein, such as nuts and seeds. For more details, Mums can consult a doctor. Your doctor will provide information about the daily needs of protein or other nutrients according to the needs of Mums.